Meter receiver

The meter receiver accepts the metrics of meter protocol into the meter system.

Module definition

Module definition is defined in application.yml, typically located at $SKYWALKING_BASE_DIR/config/application.yml by default.

  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_METER:default}

In Kafka Fetcher, follow these configurations to enable it.

  selector: ${SW_KAFKA_FETCHER:default}
    bootstrapServers: ${SW_KAFKA_FETCHER_SERVERS:localhost:9092}

Report Meter Telemetry Data

Manual Meter API

Custom metrics may be collected by the Manual Meter API. Custom metrics collected cannot be used directly; they should be configured in the meter-analyzer-config configuration files described in the next part.

The receiver adds labels with key = service and key = instance to the collected data samples, and values from service and service instance name defined in SkyWalking Agent, for identification of the metric data.

A typical manual meter API set is Spring MicroMeter Observations APIs

OpenTelemetry Exporter

You can use OpenTelemetry Collector to transport the metrics to SkyWalking OAP. Read the doc on Skywalking Exporter for a detailed guide.

The following is the correspondence between the OpenTelemetry Metric Data Type and the Skywalking Data Collect Protocol:

OpenTelemetry Metric Data Type Skywalking Data Collect Protocol
MetricDataTypeGauge MeterSingleValue
MetricDataTypeSum MeterSingleValue
MetricDataTypeHistogram MeterHistogram and two MeterSingleValues containing $name_sum and $name_count metrics.
MetricDataTypeSummary A series of MeterSingleValue containing tag quantile and two MeterSingleValues containing $name_sum and $name_count metrics.
MetricDataTypeExponentialHistogram Not Supported

Note: $name is the original metric name.

Configuration file

The meter receiver is configured via a configuration file. The configuration file defines everything related to receiving from agents, as well as which rule files to load.

The OAP can load the configuration at bootstrap. If the new configuration is not well-formed, the OAP may fail to start up. The files are located at $CLASSPATH/meter-analyzer-config.

New meter-analyzer-config files is NOT enabled by default, you should make meter configuration take effect through section agent-analyzer in application.yml of skywalking backend.

   selector: ${SW_AGENT_ANALYZER:default}
     # ... take care of other analyzers
     meterAnalyzerActiveFiles: ${SW_METER_ANALYZER_ACTIVE_FILES:your-custom-meter-conf-without-ext-name} # The multiple files should be separated by ","

Meter-analyzer-config file is written in YAML format, defined by the scheme described below. Brackets indicate that a parameter is optional.

All available meter analysis scripts could be found here.

Rule Name Description Configuration File Data Source
satellite Metrics of SkyWalking Satellite self-observability(so11y) meter-analyzer-config/satellite.yaml SkyWalking Satellite –meter format–>SkyWalking OAP Server
threadpool Metrics of Thread Pool meter-analyzer-config/threadpool.yaml Thread Pool –meter format–> SkyWalking OAP Server
datasource Metrics of DataSource metrics meter-analyzer-config/datasource.yaml Datasource –meter format–> SkyWalking OAP Server
spring-micrometer Metrics of Spring Sleuth Application meter-analyzer-config/spring-micrometer.yaml Sprign Sleuth Application –meter format–> SkyWalking OAP Server

An example can be found here. If you’re using Spring MicroMeter Observations, see Spring MicroMeter Observations APIs.

Meters configuration

# initExp is the expression that initializes the current configuration file
initExp: <string>
# filter the metrics, only those metrics that satisfy this condition will be passed into the `metricsRules` below.
filter: <closure> # example: '{ tags -> tags.job_name == "vm-monitoring" }'
# expPrefix is executed before the metrics executes other functions.
expPrefix: <string>
# expSuffix is appended to all expression in this file.
expSuffix: <string>
# insert metricPrefix into metric name:  <metricPrefix>_<raw_metric_name>
metricPrefix: <string>
# Metrics rule allow you to recompute queries.
  # The name of rule, which combinates with a prefix '<metricPrefix>_' as the index/table name in storage.
  # The name with prefix can also be quoted in UI (Dashboard/Template/Item/Metrics)
  name: <string>
  # MAL expression. Raw name of custom metrics collected can be used here
  exp: <string>

For more information on MAL, please refer to

rate, irate, and increase

Although we support the rate, irate, increase functions in the backend, we still recommend users to consider using client-side APIs to run these functions. The reasons are as follows:

  1. The OAP has to set up caches to calculate the values.
  2. Once the agent reconnects to another OAP instance, the time windows of rate calculation break. This leads to inaccurate results.