logback plugin

  • Dependency the toolkit, such as using maven or gradle
    <dependency>
         <groupId>org.apache.skywalking</groupId>
         <artifactId>apm-toolkit-logback-1.x</artifactId>
         <version>{project.release.version}</version>
     </dependency>

Print trace ID in your logs

  • set %tid in Pattern section of logback.xml
    <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <encoder class="ch.qos.logback.core.encoder.LayoutWrappingEncoder">
            <layout class="org.apache.skywalking.apm.toolkit.log.logback.v1.x.TraceIdPatternLogbackLayout">
                <Pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%tid] [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} -%msg%n</Pattern>
            </layout>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
  • with the MDC, set %X{tid} in Pattern section of logback.xml
    <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <encoder class="ch.qos.logback.core.encoder.LayoutWrappingEncoder">
            <layout class="org.apache.skywalking.apm.toolkit.log.logback.v1.x.mdc.TraceIdMDCPatternLogbackLayout">
                <Pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%X{tid}] [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} -%msg%n</Pattern>
            </layout>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
  • Support logback AsyncAppender(MDC also support), No additional configuration is required. Refer to the demo of logback.xml below. For details: Logback AsyncAppender
    <configuration scan="true" scanPeriod=" 5 seconds">
        <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
            <encoder class="ch.qos.logback.core.encoder.LayoutWrappingEncoder">
                <layout class="org.apache.skywalking.apm.toolkit.log.logback.v1.x.mdc.TraceIdMDCPatternLogbackLayout">
                    <Pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%X{tid}] [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} -%msg%n</Pattern>
                </layout>
            </encoder>
        </appender>
    
        <appender name="ASYNC" class="ch.qos.logback.classic.AsyncAppender">
            <discardingThreshold>0</discardingThreshold>
            <queueSize>1024</queueSize>
            <neverBlock>true</neverBlock>
            <appender-ref ref="STDOUT"/>
        </appender>
    
        <root level="INFO">
            <appender-ref ref="ASYNC"/>
        </root>
    </configuration>
  • When you use -javaagent to active the sky-walking tracer, logback will output traceId, if it existed. If the tracer is inactive, the output will be TID: N/A.

logstash logback plugin

  • Dependency the toolkit, such as using maven or gradle
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.skywalking</groupId>
    <artifactId>apm-toolkit-logback-1.x</artifactId>
    <version>${skywalking.version}</version>
</dependency>
  • set LogstashEncoder of logback.xml
<encoder charset="UTF-8" class="net.logstash.logback.encoder.LogstashEncoder">
    <provider class="org.apache.skywalking.apm.toolkit.log.logback.v1.x.logstash.TraceIdJsonProvider">
    </provider>
</encoder>
  • set LoggingEventCompositeJsonEncoder of logstash in logback-spring.xml for custom json format

1.add converter for %tid as child of node

<!--add converter for %tid -->
    <conversionRule conversionWord="tid" converterClass="org.apache.skywalking.apm.toolkit.log.logback.v1.x.LogbackPatternConverter"/>

2.add json encoder for custom json format

<encoder class="net.logstash.logback.encoder.LoggingEventCompositeJsonEncoder">
            <providers>
                <timestamp>
                    <timeZone>UTC</timeZone>
                </timestamp>
                <pattern>
                    <pattern>
                        {
                        "level": "%level",
                        "tid": "%tid",
                        "thread": "%thread",
                        "class": "%logger{1.}:%L",
                        "message": "%message",
                        "stackTrace": "%exception{10}"
                        }
                    </pattern>
                </pattern>
            </providers>
</encoder>

gRPC reporter

The gRPC reporter could forward the collected logs to SkyWalking OAP server, or SkyWalking Satellite sidecar. Trace id, segment id, and span id will attach to logs automatically. There is no need to modify existing layouts.

  • Add GRPCLogClientAppender in logback.xml
    <appender name="grpc-log" class="org.apache.skywalking.apm.toolkit.log.logback.v1.x.log.GRPCLogClientAppender">
        <encoder class="ch.qos.logback.core.encoder.LayoutWrappingEncoder">
            <layout class="org.apache.skywalking.apm.toolkit.log.logback.v1.x.mdc.TraceIdMDCPatternLogbackLayout">
                <Pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%X{tid}] [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} -%msg%n</Pattern>
            </layout>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
  • Add config of the plugin or use default
plugin.toolkit.log.grpc.reporter.server_host=${SW_GRPC_LOG_SERVER_HOST:127.0.0.1}
plugin.toolkit.log.grpc.reporter.server_port=${SW_GRPC_LOG_SERVER_PORT:11800}
plugin.toolkit.log.grpc.reporter.max_message_size=${SW_GRPC_LOG_MAX_MESSAGE_SIZE:10485760}
plugin.toolkit.log.grpc.reporter.upstream_timeout=${SW_GRPC_LOG_GRPC_UPSTREAM_TIMEOUT:30}

Transmitting un-formatted messages

The logback 1.x gRPC reporter supports transmitting logs as formatted or un-formatted. Transmitting formatted data is the default but can be disabled by adding the following to the agent config:

plugin.toolkit.log.transmit_formatted=false

The above will result in the content field being used for the log pattern with additional log tags of argument.0, argument.1, and so on representing each logged argument as well as an additional exception tag which is only present if a throwable is also logged.

For example, the following code:

log.info("{} {} {}", 1, 2, 3);

Will result in:

{
  "content": "{} {} {}",
  "tags": [
    {
      "key": "argument.0",
      "value": "1"
    },
    {
      "key": "argument.1",
      "value": "2"
    },
    {
      "key": "argument.2",
      "value": "3"
    }
  ]
}